Taking Action

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780195152036
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833665 | DOI:

Series: Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series

 Taking Action

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Using case studies focusing on biased scientific research that helps promote environmental injustice, the chapter argues that there are both deontological and utilitarian ethical reasons for citizens to behave as public‐interest and environmental advocates. These duties are to protect victims of environmental injustice. The chapter also argues that such duties are not a matter of moral heroism or supererogation, but rather normal duties of citizenship in a democracy. Analyzing constraints on public‐interest advocacy, the chapter closes by suggesting a number of ways that citizens might exercise their duties of public‐interest advocacy, particularly through work with nongovernmental organizations or N.G.O.s.

Keywords: advocacy; citizenship; democracy; deontological ethics; developing nations; environmental injustice; moral heroism; nongovernmental organizations; responsibility; risks; utilitarian ethics; utilitarianism

Chapter.  10109 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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