Chapter

Šitil

Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley

in The Mandaeans

Published in print November 2002 | ISBN: 9780195153859
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834051 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195153855.003.0003

Series: An American Academy of Religion Book

 Šitil

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Focuses on the Mandaean mythological figure of Šitil, who figures largely in Mandaean prayers and other texts, along with his brothers, Hibil and AnuŠs. All three are ‘utras (Lightworld (heavenly) figures) but Šitil is the purest of the pure, against whom the souls of all departed Mandaeans are tested on their way to the Lightworld. The story of how Šitil obtained this purity (by dying for his father Adam, at his request) is told, and in the telling a great many other Mandaean mythological figures are encountered and described. Šitil is regarded essentially as a dual figure, in having both human and Lightworld aspects.

Keywords: ‘utra; Adam; AnuŠs; dualism; Hibil; Lightworld; Mandaeans; Mandaeism; mythological figures; myths; purity; Šitil

Chapter.  2945 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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