Dianne M. Stewart

in Three Eyes for the Journey

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780195154153
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835713 | DOI:

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This chapter examines two chief African responses to the European missionary enterprise from slavery to the 20th century. One response was to incorporate aspects of the Christian faith into the African religious heritage. Native Baptist (c.1830s-c. 1860s), Revival Zion (1860s- ), and Rastafari (1930s- ) traditions represent this type of religious formation. The Native Baptists were associated with the African-American evangelist George Liele, who began his missionary work in Jamaica during the late 18th century. The Revival Zion tradition represents a resurgence of the Native Baptist religion. With a Pan-African orientation and deep socio-political convictions, Rastafari, more than any other African-oriented tradition on the island, has shaped the postmodern, post-Christian African personality in Jamaica. African loyalty to Christian orthodoxy, another African-Jamaican response to European missionary Christianity, is also considered in this chapter as it was taught and reinforced by generations of missionary groups, especially after the last quarter of the 19th century.

Keywords: African religion; European missionary; Native Baptist; Revival Zion; Rastafari; Jamaica; Christianity; Christian orthodoxy

Chapter.  22328 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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