Causation and Manipulation

James Woodward

in Making Things Happen

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195155273
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835089 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Science

 						Causation and Manipulation

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Directed graphs and equations are useful devices for representing causal relationships. We may distinguish among a number of different causal concepts–direct causes, total causes, contributing causes, actual causation and each of them may be given (interestingly different characterizations) in manipulationist terms. In addition, such an account clarifies the relationship between causation and probabilities.

Keywords: directed graphs; equations; direct cause; contributing cause; total cause; actual cause; probability

Chapter.  38957 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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