Chapter

Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195155495
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833955 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195155491.003.0007
 Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

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Examines the major changes in technology that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. Examines the reactions of major producers and users of chlorofluorohydrocarbons (CFCs) to the challenge posed by the negotiation and adoption of the Protocol. Discusses how major CFC producers in the chemical industry revived previously abandoned efforts to commercialize less ozone‐damaging chemical alternatives to CFCs. Also examines how CFC users, many of whom faced more serious risks from CFC restrictions than the producers, responded with intense efforts to reduce their dependence on all ozone‐depleting chemicals — efforts that reduced most CFC uses much faster than had seemed possible, and directed large shares of former CFC markets away from similar chemicals entirely.

Keywords: alternatives; CFCs; chemical industries; chlorofluorohydrocarbons; environmental protection; international agreements; markets; Montreal Protocol; ozone depletion

Chapter.  12311 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: US Politics

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