Chapter

Models and Models

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780195156515
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199785896 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019515651X.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Science

 						Models and Models

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It has long been argued that the model-theoretic approach acquires a certain plausibility from the fact that models are also extensively used in science itself. However, the sense of “model” here is apparently quite different from that discussed in the previous chapter. This chapter starts by discussing the models of model theory and the models of science. It presents various arguments around this subject. The chapter goes on to discuss icons and analogies, in other words the fundamental idea that a model is an icon. The chapter continues by discussing partial structures and partial isomorphisms. The question is asked: Can we construct an overarching account of models in science? The criticisms and ideas of Achinstein are described in great detail in relation to this topic.

Keywords: model-theoretic approach; model theory; models of science; icons; analogies; Achinstein

Chapter.  11448 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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