A Further Liberty in 1776

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780195157178
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834617 | DOI:

Series: Religion in America

 A Further Liberty in 1776

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Lemuel Haynes was separated at birth from his parents, described in his lifetime as an African man and a white New England woman. Haynes matured as an indentured servant in Granville, Massachusetts, and served as a militiaman, a minuteman, and a soldier in the War of Independence. His essay, ”Liberty Further Extended” (1770s), attacked the slave trade and slavery. Like his contemporary Olaudah Equiano, Haynes was loyal to Calvinism. He studied with ministers of the New Divinity persuasion as he prepared for his ordination, which occurred in 1785.

Keywords: Calvinism; Equiano; indentured servant; Massachusetts; militia; minuteman; New Divinity; slave trade; slavery; War of Independence

Chapter.  20816 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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