Making and Breaking the Revolutionary Covenant

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780195157178
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834617 | DOI:

Series: Religion in America

 Making and Breaking the Revolutionary Covenant

Show Summary Details


Support of the Federalist Party and opposition to the Democratic‐Republicans afforded Lemuel Haynes his first engagement with a public sphere beyond church congregations and revival audiences. He supported Federalists George Washington and John Adams, both of whom had some reputation in the early republic as enemies of slaveholding. New Englanders Ezra Stiles and Timothy Dwight, each man a president of Yale College, articulated a vision of blacks and whites united in a Christian postslavery society. This was a patrician vision that Haynes and black contemporaries like Richard Allen, leader of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, found convincing insofar as it suggested that a class of social and religious leaders would act to protect black rights. However, Jeffersonian ideology spread even into western Vermont; in 1818, Haynes was dismissed from his pulpit because of his Federalism and his criticism of the War of 1812.

Keywords: Adams; African Methodist Episcopal Church; Allen; Democratic‐Republicans; Dwight; Federalist Party; Stiles; Vermont; War of 1812; George Washington

Chapter.  18886 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.