Chapter

Criteria for What Exists

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780195159882
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199834990 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195159888.003.0005
 Criteria for What Exists

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Raises the question of whether there are philosophical arguments that can establish a criterion for what exists. Shows by a counterexample describing two ontological practices with fiction that no such argument can be sustained. Argues that “folk ontology” takes ontological independence to be necessary for what exists. Illustrates that we have a requirement, on things we take to be ontologically independent of us, that we show that, and how our epistemic access to such items is reliable.

Keywords: criteria for what exists; epistemic access; existence; fiction; folk ontology; ontological independence; reliability

Chapter.  17727 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

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