Chapter

Nietzsche's Existentialism

Robert C. Solomon

in Living with Nietzsche

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195160147
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835065 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195160142.003.0008
 Nietzsche's Existentialism

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Is Nietzsche an existentialist? He is often included in existentialism courses and collections. But Nietzsche’s views on freedom are by no means so clear (as, say, those of Kierkegaard and Sartre), and his celebration of fatalism (amor fati) seems to go against the existentialist celebration of freedom. In this chapter, I examine Nietzsche’s views on freedom and fatalism, and I argue that Nietzsche’s classic slogan, “Become Who You Are,” suggests a strong stance on responsibility as well as an intelligible acceptance of fatalism, largely based on the ancient philosopher Heraclitus.

Keywords: existentialism; freedom; fatalism; determinism; destiny; classical fatalism,”Become Who You Are,” self-creation; free will; virtue ethics; responsibility; life-affirmation; eternal recurrence

Chapter.  16755 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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