Chapter

Post-Darwinian Visions of Divine Creation

John Gatta

in Making Nature Sacred

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780195165050
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835140 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195165055.003.0008
 Post-Darwinian Visions of Divine Creation

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Beginning in the latter half of the nineteenth century, Darwinism had a varied impact on American sensibilities. John Muir, for example, studied science and accepted the transmutative premise of evolutionary theory--but retained a biblically colored piety that saw God’s presence inscribed “in magnificent capitals” at places like Yosemite. During this extended period, writings by Mary Austin and Black Elk reflect their encounters with versions of naturalistic piety lying outside Euro-American ethnic traditions. Still, the written form in which Black Elk expressed his ecological vision of holiness, as imaged in the great hoop of the Lakota nation, was decidedly influenced by his contact with non-Indian culture. Although Rachel Carson was a committed scientist whose work presupposed belief in organic evolution, her writing also reflects a robust spirituality founded upon reverence for life and for the mystery of things unseen.

Keywords: evolution; Darwinism; John Muir; Mary Austin; Black Elk; Rachel Carson; reverence; Yosemite; Lakota

Chapter.  15023 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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