Chapter

“If a Body Meet a Body”

Michael Della Rocca

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780195165418
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199868285 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195165411.003.0003
“If a Body Meet a Body”

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What are Descartes's criteria for substance, and how many material objects meet them? A passage in the Synopsis of the Meditations has led some to portray him as a monist about extended substance and others to say that he does not even use “extended substance” as a count term. After considering Descartes's two criteria for substance (the basic subject criterion and the independence criterion), as well as his account of transubstantiation, we see that these answers are mistaken. Descartes countenances an infinity of extended substances. These are quantities of matter that can survive any rearrangement or scattering of their parts, but not the annihilation of any of them.

Keywords: basic subject; criterion; Descartes; extended substance; independence criterion; material object; Matthew Stuart; substance; transubstantiation

Chapter.  21244 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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