Chapter

The Other Without and the Other Within

Brian K. Pennington

in Was Hinduism Invented?

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780195166552
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835690 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195166558.003.0002
The Other Without and the Other Within

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This chapter examines the genesis of the missionary movement in Great Britain and the strategies for proselytization adopted by upper class, evangelical Christianity. Situated at the center of colonial power, such figures as William Wilberforce and Hannah More helped launch a comprehensive evangelization of Britain and India alike that employed the benighted pagan and vulgar factory laborer as reflections of one another, particularly in Sunday school literature. Such an approach clearly illustrates how modern forms of colonial encounter took place not along avenues of diffusion between metropole and colony, but under an umbrella of power relations and signs shared by those in Britain and India who would be mutually transformed by the experience. Missionaries for such groups as the Church Missionary Society viewed the working classes of Britain not only as sources of income and energy, but also as targets of the very proselytization they were preparing for India. The Church of England’s own struggle to address and accommodate the working poor marginalized by industrialization and high-church polity accounts for much of the style and scope of its missionary societies.

Keywords: William Wilberforce; Church of England; missionaries; missionary movement; evangelical Christianity; Sunday Schools; Hannah More; Church Missionary Society

Chapter.  16765 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Hinduism

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