Rationalized Production:

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195168754
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783601 | DOI:
 Rationalized Production:

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Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal mining, oil and gas extraction, and in key manufacturing sectors such as car making benefited not only from ingenious robotization, but also from new methods of organization and flexible production. Agriculture also became much less labor intensive thanks to new high energy subsidies for machines and agrochemicals (fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides).

Keywords: coal mining; oil and gas extraction; car making; flexible production; agriculture; energy subsidies; agrochemicals

Chapter.  21817 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic History

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