Chapter

Perspective

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195169270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195169271.003.0001
 Perspective

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This chapter discusses the modes of transmission, worldwide distribution, and environmental conditions necessary for the spread of HIV. It explains the epidemiological framework for understanding disease spread, which includes characteristics of the pathogen, the host, and the environment. The appendix to this chapter presents cross-national survey data on sexual behavior. The data demonstrate that there is no correlation between higher national prevalence of HIV and countries with higher rates of early initiation of sex, premarital sex, or multipartnered sex.

Keywords: HIV transmission; HIV distribution; epidemiology; pathogen; host; environment; sexual behavior

Chapter.  10543 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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