Chapter

HIV-Specific Synergies

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195169270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195169271.003.0003
 HIV-Specific Synergies

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This chapter explains the biological synergies of malnutrition, parasitic and infectious diseases, and immune response that are specific to HIV transmission, and widespread among poor populations in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the transition countries. It draws on extensive medical literature that demonstrates that malnutrition, malaria, soil-transmitted helminths and other worms, schistosomiasis (and its genital lesions and inflammation, which resemble sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs), and other parasites increase HIV viral load and viral shedding, and hence increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Keywords: synergies; malnutrition; parasites; immune response; infectious diseases; malaria; helminths; worms; schistosomiasis; genital lesions

Chapter.  9262 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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