Chapter

Sub-Saharan Africa

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195169270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195169271.003.0004
 Sub-Saharan Africa

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This chapter examines the economic and health variables that distinguish sub-Saharan Africa from affluent countries which have lower rates of HIV. It shows the biomedical effects of economic conditions in Africa — such as poverty, inequality, lack of transport, lack of sanitary infrastructure, and lack of access to medical care — that contribute to poor health in general and consequently high rates of HIV transmission. Widespread malnutrition, malaria, schistosomiasis, and other parasitic diseases in sub-Saharan Africa contribute to higher risk of HIV transmission. This economic/biomedical conclusion implies a broad policy response for confronting HIV/AIDS in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Keywords: Africa; poverty; inequality; infrastructure; water; sanitation; HIV transmission; risk; development policy; medical care

Chapter.  8130 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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