The Context of HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195169270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783427 | DOI:
 The Context of HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

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This chapter examines the health profile of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union within the context of an emerging HIV epidemic. Unlike the epidemics in most of the developing world, the HIV epidemics in the transition economies of Europe are apparently fueled by drug use and commercial sex work. The emphasis on the behavioral conditions, however, masks the important role played by economic crises in the collapse of public health services and the increase in human trafficking. This chapter broadens the analysis of declining health in the former socialist economies and situates the study of HIV epidemics within a biomedical analysis of disease vulnerability, rather than the reigning behavioral model.

Keywords: HIV epidemic; Central Europe; Eastern Europe; former Soviet Union; transition economies; drug use; commercial sex; human trafficking; economic crisis; public health

Chapter.  9457 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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