Opportunistic Investments for Health and Human Development

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195169270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783427 | DOI:
 Opportunistic Investments for Health and Human Development

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This chapter uses the economic concept of externalities to evaluate the positive spillovers that exist in health interventions. It argues for mainstreaming AIDS prevention by addressing a broad array of development problems, rather than by employing a just-in-time approach to HIV intervention. It demonstrates that non-health investments are often the best way to achieve health goals, such as increasing the efficiency of customs regulations at border posts to reduce the spread of HIV along trucking routes. It also argues for broad community health programs that exploit economies of scale and scope.

Keywords: externalities; spillovers; development; non-health investments; borders; customs regulations; economies of scale; economies of scope

Chapter.  7459 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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