Chapter

The Expulsion and Its Consequences

Renee Levine Melammed

in A Question of Identity

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780195170719
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835416 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195170717.003.0003
 The Expulsion and Its Consequences

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The rationale for the expulsion of the Jews from Spain was ostensibly because they exerted a negative influence on the baptized conversos. In truth, Jewish-converso relations during the fifteenth century were extremely complicated. In 1492, the reluctance of so many Jews to abandon their homeland led them to choose baptism, creating a new group of New Christians far more knowledgeable about Judaism than the descendants of the conversos of 1391. At the same time, some of the Jews who chose exile subsequently regretted their decision; those who opted for baptism between 1492 and 1499 formed a group of returnees. At the turn of the century, a Judaizing messianic movement transpired in Spain that resulted in increased inquisitorial activity.

Keywords: expulsion from Spain; Jewish-converso relations; baptism; exile; returnees (1492–1499); Judaizing; messianic movement

Chapter.  9177 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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