Chapter

Turkey

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195171075
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835102 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195171071.003.0008
 Turkey

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Since Turkey became a democracy in 1950, the hajj has blossomed into an emotionally charged symbol of conflict between a Muslim society and a supposedly secular state. Ongoing debate over the hajj illustrates the malleability of Turkish secularism and its endless capacity to divide the nation. Because of hostility from hard-line followers of Ataturk and bickering among right-wing politicians, Turkey created one of the most volatile pilgrimages in the world–and one of the most politicized. A series of pro-Muslim governments led by S\'fcleyman Demirel, Necmettin Erbakan, and Turgut \'d6zal transformed the Directorate of Religious Affairs from a state watchdog over Islam into a powerful interest group dispensing benefits to voters and businesses in key constituencies throughout Anatolia.

Keywords: aturk; secularism; Turgut \'d6zal; S\'fcleyman Demirel; Necmettin Erbakan; Anatolia; Directorate of Religious Affairs

Chapter.  13643 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Islam

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