Chapter

 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780195172256
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835546 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
  A Bouquet of Scientific Values

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This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the scientific community. In addition to positivist values such as logical coherence and empirical adequacy, scientists place a great deal of emphasis on heuristic power, conceptual simplicity, mathematical tractability, and explanatory depth. Popper’s view of science as a problem-solving activity marked by both cooperation and critical debate serves as a good reminder of the qualities that should be encouraged in public deliberations.

Keywords: Karl Popper; Robert Merton; Talcott Parsons; Thomas Kuhn; Imre Lakatos; empirical adequacy; sociology of science; scientific norms; scientific explanation; heuristic power

Chapter.  7911 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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