Chapter

 Civic Virtue and Science in Prerevolutionary Europe

John C. Moore

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780195172256
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835546 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195172256.003.0005
  Civic Virtue and Science in Prerevolutionary Europe

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In prerevolutionary Europe, science in the broad sense of organized knowledge (scientia) played a crucial role in the emergence of democracy and civic virtue. Medieval thinkers drew on Cicero, Aristotle, Roman law, the Christian tradition, and their own experiences to create systems of thought and institutions necessary for that emergence. Science in the modern sense of the exact physical sciences, however, made only limited and indirect contributions to that development.

Keywords: Cicero; Roman law; Aristotle; Christian tradition; scientia

Chapter.  6694 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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