Chapter

Part II The Moral Theory

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195173710
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199785926 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195173716.003.0003
 Part II The Moral Theory

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Part II contains a justification of the moral system that shows that all rational persons who limit their beliefs to those shared by all other moral agents, and who seek agreement with them, will put forward morality as the system they should all follow. The standard accounts of rationality are criticized, and an account that makes rationality the fundamental normative concept is presented. The distinction between the requiring force and the justifying force of reasons is used to explain why it is often rational to act either morally or immorally. Although morality does not provide a unique correct answer to every moral question, it always provides adequate reasons for acting morally.

Keywords: justification; moral agents; moral system; morality; rationality; reasons; motives; justifying force; requiring force

Chapter.  22832 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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