Chapter

 Militant Protestants

Margaret Lamberts Bendroth

in Fundamentalists in the City

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780195173901
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835577 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195173902.003.0004

Series: Religion in America

  Militant Protestants

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The suspicion of Catholics that grew in the wake of the Boston Common arrests soon took on broader dimensions. In the late 1880s it focused on a contest over the city’s public schools, largely led by two women’s groups, the Loyal Women of American Liberty and the Independent Women Voters, both of them strongly anti-Catholic. The contest also raised moralistic tensions around social class, as evangelical Protestant temperance forces found themselves in political conflict with an alliance of convenience between upper-class Protestants and Roman Catholics. Conspiratorial thinking among conservative Protestants was also spurred by anti-Masonic rhetoric, British-American immigrants and their resentment of Irish-Catholics, and a form of premillennial eschatology that encouraged evangelicals to see themselves as an embattled but righteous minority in cosmic struggle with the forces of irreligion.

Keywords: anti-Catholic; temperance; anti-Masonic; British-Americans; premillennialism; women

Chapter.  11309 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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