Chapter

 The Fiber Institute: 1920–1923

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780195174335
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835706 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019517433X.003.0004
  The Fiber Institute: 1920–1923

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Fritz Haber hired Polanyi to work in the Fiber Chemistry Group of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. Polanyi helped develop the rotating-crystal method of X-ray crystallography, made solid contributions to understanding the structure of cellulose, pressed forward with his work on adsorption catalysis and electrostatic dipoles, laid the foundation for transition rate theory in reaction kinetics, and investigated the bond strength of crystals; he was also forced to give up a cherished theory about quantum jumps in reaction kinetics, which taught him an important lesson about how scientists work together to distinguish real discoveries from mistaken surmises. Polanyi married Magda Kemeny on February 21, 1921, in a civil ceremony; their first child, George Michael Polanyi, was born on October 1, 1922.

Keywords: Kaiser Wilhelm Institute; rotating-crystal method; crystallography; adsorption catalysis; dipoles; quantum jumps; discovery; George Michael Polanyi

Chapter.  12713 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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