Chapter

Goods (Benefits) and Evils (Harms)

Bernard Gert

in Morality

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780195176896
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835300 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195176898.003.0004
 Goods (Benefits) and Evils (Harms)

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This chapter provides definitions of goods (benefits) and evils (harms), and presents lists of the basic goods and evils. It establishes the objectivity of the concepts of goods (benefits) and evils (harms) by showing how the concepts of reward, punishment, and malady require the use of these concepts. It argues that although there is universal agreement about what the basic goods and basic evils are, there is some rational disagreement on the rankings of these goods and evils.

Keywords: goods; benefits; evils; harms; lists; reward; punishment; malady; rankings; rational disagreement

Chapter.  11068 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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