Chapter

Kant and British Empiricism

Wayne Waxman

in Kant and the Empiricists

Published in print July 2005 | ISBN: 9780195177398
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199786176 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195177398.003.0002
 Kant and British Empiricism

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This chapter begins with a discussion of the concept of sensibilism, the theory that all ideas originate in being perceived, and are non-existent prior to or independently of their immediate presence to consciousness in perception. It dispels one of the most common misconceptions about sensibilism: its limitation to a thesis about the senses as merely sources of sensations. It argues that sensibilism, as the principle of unity, and psychologism, as the principle of continuity, connect the philosophies of John Locke, George Berkeley, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant. An understanding of the fundamental principles uniting Kant with his British Empiricist predecessors, particularly Hume, will show that the only thing that separates Kant’s positions from theirs is a source of representations unconsidered by Locke, Berkeley, and Hume — pure sensible intuition.

Keywords: Immanuel Kant; John Locke; George Berkeley; David Hume; transcendental philosophy; empiricism; sensibilism; psychologism; British Empiricists

Chapter.  8234 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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