The Virgin Mary

Lawrence S. Cunningham

in From Trent to Vatican II

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780195178067
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199784905 | DOI:
 The Virgin Mary

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This chapter explores the Protestant reaction against the Marian tradition of Catholicism, which was addressed by the reform of the Council of Trent. Topics discussed include the Catholic Reformation and two conspicuous events which characterized the Marian character of Catholicism in the 19th century: the definition of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius IX in 1854 and the rise of Marian apparitions and subsequent pilgrimage locations, most conspicuously at Lourdes in France.

Keywords: Council of Trent; Blessed Virgin Mary; Protestants; Catholicism; Marian tradition; Catholic Reformation; Immaculate Conception; Marian apparitions

Chapter.  6683 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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