Chapter

Performing Execution, Part 2

Beth A. Berkowitz

in Execution and Invention

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780195179194
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199784509 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195179196.003.0005
 Performing Execution, Part 2

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This chapter completes the study of the cast of characters found in rabbinic execution, turning attention to the criminal’s relatives and to the role of the Rabbis themselves. In exploring the part of the relatives, it extricates the relevant passages of Mishnah from their accepted interpretation by the Babylonian Talmud to show that the criminal is permanently buried in a location separate from the family burial site. It argues that the Mishnah’s laws prescribing separate burial, prohibiting the relatives from mourning, and requiring the relatives to reconcile with the court are all means of asserting the primacy of the rabbinic community over the bonds of family. Finally, the chapter examines narratives in which sages are portrayed as agents of execution. It shows that these stories project the power of execution onto the Rabbis, but also evince a strategic ambivalence about that power.

Keywords: relatives; Rabbis; Mishnah; Babylonian Talmud; burial; mourning; primacy; family bonds; ambivalence

Chapter.  13723 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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