Chapter

Interchangeable Parts and Mass Production

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195188042
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783410 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195188047.003.0002
 Interchangeable Parts and Mass Production

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Economic historians have characterized the American system of manufacturing, or more appropriately the New England armory system, as the assembly of complex products produced from individual interchangeable parts. Its first important application was the manufacture of firearms at the U.S. army armories in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, and Springfield, Massachusetts. During the second half of the 19th century, “armory practice” spread to other branches of manufacturing, such as sewing machine and bicycle manufacture and, in the early twentieth century, to the “Fordist system” of mass production of automobiles.

Keywords: interchangeable parts; American manufacturing system; New England armory system; firearms; mass production

Chapter.  5172 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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