Chapter

Fertility in Developing Countries

Mukesh Eswaran

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780195305197
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783519 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195305191.003.0010
 Fertility in Developing Countries

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This essay discusses why fertility is high in many developing countries; why it declines with economic development; why the institution of child labor facilitates high fertility; and why high fertility is intimately tied to the extent of female autonomy in decision making. It then discusses the reasons for the biased sex ratio at birth alluded to above. It concludes with suggestions for policy measures that will address the problems identified.

Keywords: economic development; child labor; children; mortality; female autonomy; sex ratio

Chapter.  8226 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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