Chapter

Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780195306002
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783564 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
 Labor Conditions around the World

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This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions are pay, hours of work, and workplace health and safety. The four key labor rights (emphasized in policy discussions by international organizations) are freedom of association, nondiscrimination, abolition of forced labor, and reduction of child labor. Evidence presented in this chapter shows that measures of these working conditions and labor rights improved during the late 20th century, a period of increased international economic integration. The data also show that countries that are open to international trade have superior labor conditions.

Keywords: pay; hours of work; workplace health; workplace safety; freedom of association; nondiscrimination; forced labor; child labor; free trade; open trade policies

Chapter.  11001 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Economics

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