Chapter

Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780195306002
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199783564 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195306007.003.0008
 Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

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This final chapter summarizes the findings of the earlier analyses of the impact of globalization on labor conditions and considers the principles that should inform future policies to improve labor conditions. Broadly speaking, the evidence indicates that international trade, international migration, and the activities of multinational companies generally advance working conditions and labor rights around the world. In contrast, some policy proposals, such as the use of trade sanctions against countries that do not adopt international labor standards, are likely to worsen rather than improve labor conditions. A very useful guide to policy choice is to favor policies that expand, rather than contract, opportunities for target groups. The chapter reviews a number of targeted incentive policies that satisfy this principle in general and in particular areas such as child labor and forced labor.

Keywords: child labor; forced labor; globalization; labor conditions; labor rights; targeted incentive policies; trade sanctions; working conditions

Chapter.  6859 words. 

Subjects: International Economics

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