Chapter

Substances

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print October 1994 | ISBN: 9780198235125
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198235127.003.0002
Substances

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A substance is a concrete individual thing that exists all at once. Although the world can be cut up into substances in different ways, any full description of the world will include both material objects and immaterial souls as substances. Souls have essentially mental properties, ones to which the subject has privileged access such as thoughts and sensations. The essential part of a human being is a human soul, one with a structure and a capacity for logical thought, moral belief, and free will, and (typically but not necessarily) certain limited powers exercised through a human body. No human being is essentially human.

Keywords: free will; human being; immaterial soul; logical thought; material object; mental property; moral belief; privileged access; soul; substance

Chapter.  11441 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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