Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print October 1994 | ISBN: 9780198235125
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598579 | DOI:

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Everything that happens, happens over a period of time, and never at an instant. Time must have a topology, but it only has a metric if there are laws of nature. The future is what we can causally affect; the past is what causally affects us (and so neither backward nor simultaneous causation are possible). There are both indexical and non‐indexical temporal facts (the A‐series of events is not reducible to the B‐series.) Necessarily, time has no beginning and no end.

Keywords: A‐series; B‐series; backward causation; causation; eternity; metric; temporal fact; time; topology

Chapter.  11396 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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