Chapter

The Origin and Life of the Soul

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print February 1997 | ISBN: 9780198236986
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598593 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198236980.003.0010
The Origin and Life of the Soul

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We have no grounds for supposing that a foetus has a soul until it is conscious, and no grounds for supposing that it is conscious until there occur in it brain processes similar to those that accompany consciousness in more developed human brains. The higher animals have souls. While scientists may discover vast numbers of correlations between mental events and brain events, it is most improbable that they will be able to explain why there are the correlations that they are, or any correlations at all – that is, why neural systems of a certain complexity give rise to souls. The very success of science in achieving vast integrations of theories in physics and chemistry was achieved by separating off from the physical world colours, tastes etc; but this cannot be done when we are looking for a theory with psychophysical laws.

Keywords: animals; Aquinas; brain processes; complexity; consciousness; Darwin; Davidson; foetus; psychophysical laws; soul

Chapter.  11528 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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