Chapter

The Structure of the Soul

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print February 1997 | ISBN: 9780198236986
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598593 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198236980.003.0014
The Structure of the Soul

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The belief‐desire set of every soul is necessarily an integrated one in the sense that each belief and desire requires many other beliefs and desires to give it meaning and justification. Some beliefs and desires are much more central than others, and these include those that form a person's character. There are normal rational processes of change of belief and desire, often ones caused by other beliefs and desires; and abnormal irrational processes of change by means of brainwashing, brain disease, and surgery. The continuing existence of beliefs and desires when the subject is unaware of them consists in a continuing state of the soul, not merely in a continuing state of the brain linked to the soul. Some beliefs and desires belong to the Unconscious.

Keywords: belief; belief‐desire set; brainwashing; character; desire; Freud; integrated mental life; soul; Unconscious

Chapter.  15964 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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