Chapter

Argumentation

Alvin I. Goldman

in Knowledge in a Social World

Published in print January 1999 | ISBN: 9780198238201
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597527 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198238207.003.0005
 Argumentation

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Argumentation is a structured series of speech acts, and norms of good argumentation therefore differ from norms of good argument, such as deductive validity. Some norms of factual argumentation are “folk rules” of conversation (overlapping with Gricean principles), and are vindicated by their tendency to advance the cause of knowledge. Argumentative norms have the prospect of increasing knowledge not simply because conformity with them increases the probability of convincing the audience, but because conformity increases the chance of convincing the audience of truths. The veritistic approach explains why so‐called fallacies have that status, and is otherwise shown to be superior to alternative approaches to good argumentation.

Keywords: argument; argumentation; audience; conversation; fallacies; speech act

Chapter.  14203 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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