Chapter

Other locutions: Knowing Fred. Information v. acquaintance. Interacting with Fred. Knowing London—and German

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature

Published in print January 1999 | ISBN: 9780198238799
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597237 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198238797.003.0016
 Other locutions: Knowing Fred. Information v. acquaintance. Interacting with Fred. Knowing London—and German

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Discusses what it is to know X (e.g. to know Fred) rather than to know whether p. The early parts give reasons for assimilating ‘knows Fred’ to ‘knows whether p’, while giving methodological justification for not regarding this assimilation as hindered by the fact that some languages translate ‘know’ differently in the two cases. The claim that ‘knows X’ means, at core, being sensorily acquainted with X or being in the company of X, is rejected; possessing certain types of information about X is what the core meaning consists in. Later parts relate ‘knows X’ to ‘knows how to’, suggesting that it implies a capacity. Clarification of the relationship between this assimilation and the earlier one is left to the next section.

Keywords: acquaintance; information; knowledge; knowledge how; knowledge that; knowledge whether

Chapter.  4031 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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