The Problem of Evil

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print March 1991 | ISBN: 9780198239635
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598609 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 The Problem of Evil

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It is a good thing that humans should have the opportunity to choose freely between good and evil; and hence the “free will” defence to “moral evil”, that God has reason to allow such evil. There are two substantial reasons why God should bring about natural evil – to give us the knowledge of how to bring about good and evil consequence ourselves; and to give us the opportunity to react to it with courage, sympathy etc. and to do virtuous acts of a kind, which we would not otherwise have such opportunity to do.

Keywords: free will; moral evil; natural evil; problem of evil; theodicy

Chapter.  11410 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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