Analogy and Metaphor

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation

Published in print December 1991 | ISBN: 9780198239680
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598562 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Analogy and Metaphor

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Following J. Ross, I argue that words in two sentences are used univocally if they have the same synonyms, antonyms, determinates, determinables, etc.; analogically if they have some of the same synonyms, etc; and equivocally if they have none of the same synonyms, etc. An analogical sense of a word is a standard sense that it may have in many different sentences. By contrast, a metaphorical sense of a word or token sentence is a new sense generated by the meaning of the type sentence and a new context. Metaphorical sentences have truth‐values.

Keywords: analogy; equivocal; metaphor; Ross; synonymy; univocal

Chapter.  5503 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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