Chapter

Essence and Form

Terence Irwin

in Aristotle's First Principles

Published in print April 1990 | ISBN: 9780198242901
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597770 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198242905.003.0011

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Essence and Form

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In Metaphysics vii 1-6, Aristotle argues for the coincidence of the subject-criterion and the essence-criterion, and for the identification of substances with primary subjects. He suggests that form is substance; if the two criteria coincide, form must be both a particular basic subject and a primary essence. In viii-ix, Aristotle defends the identification of matter with potentiality and form with actuality. If this defence is examined prior to a discussion on the rest of the argument in vii, an important part of the argument for identifying form with essence, and hence with substance, can be seen.

Keywords: Aristotle; form; essence; substance; matter

Chapter.  11425 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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