The Consequences of Virtue and Vice

Terence Irwin

in Aristotle's First Principles

Published in print April 1990 | ISBN: 9780198242901
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597770 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 The Consequences of Virtue and Vice

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This chapter examines virtues of character as different forms of extended altruism, and hence of rational self-realisation. If Aristotle simply takes over the list of virtues from common sense and does not show how they promote the agent’s good and the common good, he has not shown that they are genuine virtues. If he connects the recognised virtues with the good of a rational agent, and with the common good of her community, then he answers the sceptic and the critic; he relies on strong dialectic, appealing to his metaphysical account of the human essence to justify common beliefs about the virtues.

Keywords: Aristotle; virtues; good

Chapter.  13988 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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