Chapter

Moral Goodness

Richard Swinburne

in Responsibility and Atonement

Published in print June 1989 | ISBN: 9780198248491
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598555 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198248490.003.0002

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Moral Goodness

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This chapter distinguishes various kinds of moral goodness. Actions may be objectively good and/or subjectively good; and they may be supererogatory or obligatory. Actions may be objectively or subjectively bad, and wrong or merely infrarvetatory. There is goodness either in good actions being done naturally (i.e. spontaneously), or in their being done contrary to inclination. There are three kinds of goodness of character: agents may be naturally inclined to do actions that are in fact good, they may have correct moral beliefs, and they may be naturally inclined to do actions that they believe to be good.

Keywords: Aristotle; character; goodness; Kant; moral belief; obligation; supererogatory action

Chapter.  11592 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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