Heaven and Hell

Richard Swinburne

in Responsibility and Atonement

Published in print June 1989 | ISBN: 9780198248491
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598555 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Heaven and Hell

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This chapter is concerned with the fates in the afterlife (traditionally called Heaven, Hell, Purgatory, and Limbo) that a good God would allocate to different humans. The totally corrupt have freely chosen to become so, and it would be an unwarranted imposition for God to give them any other character; hence, if God keeps them alive, their happiness can consist only in low‐level enjoyment. God will give to the sanctified (in company with each other) the (un‐merited) Beatific Vision of himself; and good pagans are to be included in this group. God may award (temporarily or permanently) intermediate fates to those with characters not fully formed.

Keywords: afterlife; Aquinas; Augustine; Beatific Vision; Heaven; Hell; Limbo; merit; Purgatory

Chapter.  10142 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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