Chapter

Remarks on Wittgenstein and Nietzsche

Christopher Janaway

in Self and World in Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780198250036
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597817 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198250037.003.0014
 Remarks on Wittgenstein and Nietzsche

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Gives some of the background to the reception of Schopenhauer's philosophy by both Wittgenstein and Nietzsche, and then examines the influence on each of them of Schopenhauer's conceptions of self and will. In Wittgenstein's early notebooks and Tractatus, the notion of the subject's not being a part of the world and of happiness lying in not willing are distinctly Schopenhauerian notions. Wittgenstein's later pre‐occupation with the relation of willing and acting show a lasting influence from Schopenhauer. In Nietzsche's case, The Birth of Tragedy is transparently influenced by Schopenhauer's views on the thing in itself and individuation, while the later doctrine of will to power is designed as an alternative to Schopenhauer's will to life. Nietzsche's later philosophy makes continual reference to Schopenhauer even in its determination to oppose metaphysics and the unitary ‘I’.

Keywords: ‘I’; Birth of Tragedy; Nietzsche; Schopenhauer; self; subject; the will; Tractatus; will to power; Wittgenstein

Chapter.  16512 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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