Chapter

Mental and Bodily Passions Identified: Hobbes and Spinoza

Susan James

in Passion and Action

Published in print November 1999 | ISBN: 9780198250135
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597794 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198250134.003.0006
 Mental and Bodily Passions Identified: Hobbes and Spinoza

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The dualist framework used by Descartes and Malebranche to explain the passions is challenged in different ways by Hobbes and Spinoza. Hobbes develops a materialist account of our passions as manifestations of an underlying striving for power. Spinoza develops this view into a monist analysis that breaks with strands of Aristotelianism, which are still to be found in Cartesianism, and makes space for a new conception of the distinction between active and passive thoughts.

Keywords: Cartesianism; Hobbes; materialism; monism; passions; Spinoza

Chapter.  17274 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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