Chapter

Scepticism

Peter Poellner

in Nietzsche and Metaphysics

Published in print April 2000 | ISBN: 9780198250630
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598258 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198250630.003.0002

Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs

 Scepticism

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Presents Nietzsche's critical reflections directed at traditional metaphysical categories such as the external world, substance, causation, and self. Targeted theories include the doctrine of substance qua substratum for properties; the Lockean ontology of powers inherent in external objects; the construal of the self as either mental substance or transcendental subjects; atomism; and the belief in the explanatory powers of Newtonian force. It is argued that there is a pervasive general line of scepticism in Nietzsche's later thought concerning the possibility of knowledge as rationally justified true belief. The chapter concludes with a defence of Nietzsche's general scepticism against a variety of countervailing arguments.

Keywords: atomism; causation; external world; force; justified true belief; scepticism; self; substance

Chapter.  21670 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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