Past, Present, and Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780198250746
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598623 | DOI:
 Past, Present, and Future

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Completes the defence of the claim that tenseless concepts are more basic than tensed ones. It argues for three theses. First, not all tensed statements involve indexicals, and those that do not are analytically more basic. Second, these non‐indexical tensed statements can be used to give truth conditions for indexical tensed statements. Third, non‐indexical tensed statements can be analysed in terms of tenseless statements together with the concept of what is actual as of, or true at, a given time. In particular, the tensed concept of lying in the present can be analysed following this strategy.

Keywords: analysis; indexicals; present; tensed concepts; tenseless concepts

Chapter.  8910 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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